Yi Lu


Improved Knowledge Distillation for Pre-trained Language Models via Knowledge Selection
Chenglong Wang | Yi Lu | Yongyu Mu | Yimin Hu | Tong Xiao | Jingbo Zhu
Findings of the Association for Computational Linguistics: EMNLP 2022

Knowledge distillation addresses the problem of transferring knowledge from a teacher model to a student model.In this process, we typically have multiple types of knowledge extracted from the teacher model.The problem is to make full use of them to train the student model.Our preliminary study shows that: (1) not all of the knowledge is necessary for learning a good student model, and (2) knowledge distillation can benefit from certain knowledge at different training steps.In response to these, we propose an actor-critic approach to selecting appropriate knowledge to transfer during the process of knowledge distillation.In addition, we offer a refinement of the training algorithm to ease the computational burden.Experimental results on the GLUE datasets show that our method outperforms several strong knowledge distillation baselines significantly.


MKQA: A Linguistically Diverse Benchmark for Multilingual Open Domain Question Answering
Shayne Longpre | Yi Lu | Joachim Daiber
Transactions of the Association for Computational Linguistics, Volume 9

Abstract Progress in cross-lingual modeling depends on challenging, realistic, and diverse evaluation sets. We introduce Multilingual Knowledge Questions and Answers (MKQA), an open- domain question answering evaluation set comprising 10k question-answer pairs aligned across 26 typologically diverse languages (260k question-answer pairs in total). Answers are based on heavily curated, language- independent data representation, making results comparable across languages and independent of language-specific passages. With 26 languages, this dataset supplies the widest range of languages to-date for evaluating question answering. We benchmark a variety of state- of-the-art methods and baselines for generative and extractive question answering, trained on Natural Questions, in zero shot and translation settings. Results indicate this dataset is challenging even in English, but especially in low-resource languages.1

On the Transferability of Minimal Prediction Preserving Inputs in Question Answering
Shayne Longpre | Yi Lu | Chris DuBois
Proceedings of the 2021 Conference of the North American Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Human Language Technologies

Recent work (Feng et al., 2018) establishes the presence of short, uninterpretable input fragments that yield high confidence and accuracy in neural models. We refer to these as Minimal Prediction Preserving Inputs (MPPIs). In the context of question answering, we investigate competing hypotheses for the existence of MPPIs, including poor posterior calibration of neural models, lack of pretraining, and “dataset bias” (where a model learns to attend to spurious, non-generalizable cues in the training data). We discover a perplexing invariance of MPPIs to random training seed, model architecture, pretraining, and training domain. MPPIs demonstrate remarkable transferability across domains achieving significantly higher performance than comparably short queries. Additionally, penalizing over-confidence on MPPIs fails to improve either generalization or adversarial robustness. These results suggest the interpretability of MPPIs is insufficient to characterize generalization capacity of these models. We hope this focused investigation encourages more systematic analysis of model behavior outside of the human interpretable distribution of examples.


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Gated Graph Sequence Neural Networks for Chinese Healthcare Named Entity Recognition
Yi Lu | Lung-Hao Lee
Proceedings of the 32nd Conference on Computational Linguistics and Speech Processing (ROCLING 2020)

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基於圖神經網路之中文健康照護命名實體辨識 (Chinese Healthcare Named Entity Recognition Based on Graph Neural Networks)
Yi Lu | Lung-Hao Lee
International Journal of Computational Linguistics & Chinese Language Processing, Volume 25, Number 2, December 2020


NCUEE at MEDIQA 2019: Medical Text Inference Using Ensemble BERT-BiLSTM-Attention Model
Lung-Hao Lee | Yi Lu | Po-Han Chen | Po-Lei Lee | Kuo-Kai Shyu
Proceedings of the 18th BioNLP Workshop and Shared Task

This study describes the model design of the NCUEE system for the MEDIQA challenge at the ACL-BioNLP 2019 workshop. We use the BERT (Bidirectional Encoder Representations from Transformers) as the word embedding method to integrate the BiLSTM (Bidirectional Long Short-Term Memory) network with an attention mechanism for medical text inferences. A total of 42 teams participated in natural language inference task at MEDIQA 2019. Our best accuracy score of 0.84 ranked the top-third among all submissions in the leaderboard.

An Exploration of Data Augmentation and Sampling Techniques for Domain-Agnostic Question Answering
Shayne Longpre | Yi Lu | Zhucheng Tu | Chris DuBois
Proceedings of the 2nd Workshop on Machine Reading for Question Answering

To produce a domain-agnostic question answering model for the Machine Reading Question Answering (MRQA) 2019 Shared Task, we investigate the relative benefits of large pre-trained language models, various data sampling strategies, as well as query and context paraphrases generated by back-translation. We find a simple negative sampling technique to be particularly effective, even though it is typically used for datasets that include unanswerable questions, such as SQuAD 2.0. When applied in conjunction with per-domain sampling, our XLNet (Yang et al., 2019)-based submission achieved the second best Exact Match and F1 in the MRQA leaderboard competition.


Factored Statistical Machine Translation for Grammatical Error Correction
Yiming Wang | Longyue Wang | Xiaodong Zeng | Derek F. Wong | Lidia S. Chao | Yi Lu
Proceedings of the Eighteenth Conference on Computational Natural Language Learning: Shared Task

Domain Adaptation for Medical Text Translation using Web Resources
Yi Lu | Longyue Wang | Derek F. Wong | Lidia S. Chao | Yiming Wang
Proceedings of the Ninth Workshop on Statistical Machine Translation

Combining Domain Adaptation Approaches for Medical Text Translation
Longyue Wang | Yi Lu | Derek F. Wong | Lidia S. Chao | Yiming Wang | Francisco Oliveira
Proceedings of the Ninth Workshop on Statistical Machine Translation

UM-Corpus: A Large English-Chinese Parallel Corpus for Statistical Machine Translation
Liang Tian | Derek F. Wong | Lidia S. Chao | Paulo Quaresma | Francisco Oliveira | Yi Lu | Shuo Li | Yiming Wang | Longyue Wang
Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'14)

Parallel corpus is a valuable resource for cross-language information retrieval and data-driven natural language processing systems, especially for Statistical Machine Translation (SMT). However, most existing parallel corpora to Chinese are subject to in-house use, while others are domain specific and limited in size. To a certain degree, this limits the SMT research. This paper describes the acquisition of a large scale and high quality parallel corpora for English and Chinese. The corpora constructed in this paper contain about 15 million English-Chinese (E-C) parallel sentences, and more than 2 million training data and 5,000 testing sentences are made publicly available. Different from previous work, the corpus is designed to embrace eight different domains. Some of them are further categorized into different topics. The corpus will be released to the research community, which is available at the NLP2CT website.


Quality Estimation for Machine Translation Using the Joint Method of Evaluation Criteria and Statistical Modeling
Aaron Li-Feng Han | Yi Lu | Derek F. Wong | Lidia S. Chao | Liangye He | Junwen Xing
Proceedings of the Eighth Workshop on Statistical Machine Translation

A Description of Tunable Machine Translation Evaluation Systems in WMT13 Metrics Task
Aaron Li-Feng Han | Derek F. Wong | Lidia S. Chao | Yi Lu | Liangye He | Yiming Wang | Jiaji Zhou
Proceedings of the Eighth Workshop on Statistical Machine Translation

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Language-independent Model for Machine Translation Evaluation with Reinforced Factors
Aaron Li-Feng Han | Derek F. Wong | Lidia S. Chao | Liangye He | Yi Lu | Junwen Xing | Xiaodong Zeng
Proceedings of Machine Translation Summit XIV: Posters

Edit Distance: A New Data Selection Criterion for Domain Adaptation in SMT
Longyue Wang | Derek F. Wong | Lidia S. Chao | Junwen Xing | Yi Lu | Isabel Trancoso
Proceedings of the International Conference Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing RANLP 2013

Entity Linking for Tweets
Xiaohua Liu | Yitong Li | Haocheng Wu | Ming Zhou | Furu Wei | Yi Lu
Proceedings of the 51st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (Volume 1: Long Papers)