Phil Bartie


The REAL Corpus: A Crowd-Sourced Corpus of Human Generated and Evaluated Spatial References to Real-World Urban Scenes
Phil Bartie | William Mackaness | Dimitra Gkatzia | Verena Rieser
Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'16)

Our interest is in people’s capacity to efficiently and effectively describe geographic objects in urban scenes. The broader ambition is to develop spatial models capable of equivalent functionality able to construct such referring expressions. To that end we present a newly crowd-sourced data set of natural language references to objects anchored in complex urban scenes (In short: The REAL Corpus ― Referring Expressions Anchored Language). The REAL corpus contains a collection of images of real-world urban scenes together with verbal descriptions of target objects generated by humans, paired with data on how successful other people were able to identify the same object based on these descriptions. In total, the corpus contains 32 images with on average 27 descriptions per image and 3 verifications for each description. In addition, the corpus is annotated with a variety of linguistically motivated features. The paper highlights issues posed by collecting data using crowd-sourcing with an unrestricted input format, as well as using real-world urban scenes.


From the Virtual to the RealWorld: Referring to Objects in Real-World Spatial Scenes
Dimitra Gkatzia | Verena Rieser | Phil Bartie | William Mackaness
Proceedings of the 2015 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing


A Multithreaded Conversational Interface for Pedestrian Navigation and Question Answering
Srinivasan Janarthanam | Oliver Lemon | Xingkun Liu | Phil Bartie | William Mackaness | Tiphaine Dalmas
Proceedings of the SIGDIAL 2013 Conference

Evaluating a City Exploration Dialogue System with Integrated Question-Answering and Pedestrian Navigation
Srinivasan Janarthanam | Oliver Lemon | Phil Bartie | Tiphaine Dalmas | Anna Dickinson | Xingkun Liu | William Mackaness | Bonnie Webber
Proceedings of the 51st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (Volume 1: Long Papers)


Integrating Location, Visibility, and Question-Answering in a Spoken Dialogue System for Pedestrian City Exploration
Srinivasan Janarthanam | Oliver Lemon | Xingkun Liu | Phil Bartie | William Mackaness | Tiphaine Dalmas | Jana Goetze
Proceedings of the 13th Annual Meeting of the Special Interest Group on Discourse and Dialogue