Kristian Nørgaard Jensen


Kompetencer: Fine-grained Skill Classification in Danish Job Postings via Distant Supervision and Transfer Learning
Mike Zhang | Kristian Nørgaard Jensen | Barbara Plank
Proceedings of the Thirteenth Language Resources and Evaluation Conference

Skill Classification (SC) is the task of classifying job competences from job postings. This work is the first in SC applied to Danish job vacancy data. We release the first Danish job posting dataset: *Kompetencer* (_en_: competences), annotated for nested spans of competences. To improve upon coarse-grained annotations, we make use of The European Skills, Competences, Qualifications and Occupations (ESCO; le Vrang et al., (2014)) taxonomy API to obtain fine-grained labels via distant supervision. We study two setups: The zero-shot and few-shot classification setting. We fine-tune English-based models and RemBERT (Chung et al., 2020) and compare them to in-language Danish models. Our results show RemBERT significantly outperforms all other models in both the zero-shot and the few-shot setting.

Fine-tuning vs From Scratch: Do Vision & Language Models Have Similar Capabilities on Out-of-Distribution Visual Question Answering?
Kristian Nørgaard Jensen | Barbara Plank
Proceedings of the Thirteenth Language Resources and Evaluation Conference

Fine-tuning general-purpose pre-trained models has become a de-facto standard, also for Vision and Language tasks such as Visual Question Answering (VQA). In this paper, we take a step back and ask whether a fine-tuned model has superior linguistic and reasoning capabilities than a prior state-of-the-art architecture trained from scratch on the training data alone. We perform a fine-grained evaluation on out-of-distribution data, including an analysis on robustness due to linguistic variation (rephrasings). Our empirical results confirm the benefit of pre-training on overall performance and rephrasing in particular. But our results also uncover surprising limitations, particularly for answering questions involving boolean operations. To complement the empirical evaluation, this paper also surveys relevant earlier work on 1) available VQA data sets, 2) models developed for VQA, 3) pre-trained Vision+Language models, and 4) earlier fine-grained evaluation of pre-trained Vision+Language models.


De-identification of Privacy-related Entities in Job Postings
Kristian Nørgaard Jensen | Mike Zhang | Barbara Plank
Proceedings of the 23rd Nordic Conference on Computational Linguistics (NoDaLiDa)

De-identification is the task of detecting privacy-related entities in text, such as person names, emails and contact data. It has been well-studied within the medical domain. The need for de-identification technology is increasing, as privacy-preserving data handling is in high demand in many domains. In this paper, we focus on job postings. We present JobStack, a new corpus for de-identification of personal data in job vacancies on Stackoverflow. We introduce baselines, comparing Long-Short Term Memory (LSTM) and Transformer models. To improve these baselines, we experiment with BERT representations, and distantly related auxiliary data via multi-task learning. Our results show that auxiliary data helps to improve de-identification performance. While BERT representations improve performance, surprisingly “vanilla” BERT turned out to be more effective than BERT trained on Stackoverflow-related data.


Buhscitu at SemEval-2020 Task 7: Assessing Humour in Edited News Headlines Using Hand-Crafted Features and Online Knowledge Bases
Kristian Nørgaard Jensen | Nicolaj Filrup Rasmussen | Thai Wang | Marco Placenti | Barbara Plank
Proceedings of the Fourteenth Workshop on Semantic Evaluation

This paper describes a system that aims at assessing humour intensity in edited news headlines as part of the 7th task of SemEval-2020 on “Humor, Emphasis and Sentiment”. Various factors need to be accounted for in order to assess the funniness of an edited headline. We propose an architecture that uses hand-crafted features, knowledge bases and a language model to understand humour, and combines them in a regression model. Our system outperforms two baselines. In general, automatic humour assessment remains a difficult task.

DaN+: Danish Nested Named Entities and Lexical Normalization
Barbara Plank | Kristian Nørgaard Jensen | Rob van der Goot
Proceedings of the 28th International Conference on Computational Linguistics

This paper introduces DAN+, a new multi-domain corpus and annotation guidelines for Dan-ish nested named entities (NEs) and lexical normalization to support research on cross-lingualcross-domain learning for a less-resourced language. We empirically assess three strategies tomodel the two-layer Named Entity Recognition (NER) task. We compare transfer capabilitiesfrom German versus in-language annotation from scratch. We examine language-specific versusmultilingual BERT, and study the effect of lexical normalization on NER. Our results show that 1) the most robust strategy is multi-task learning which is rivaled by multi-label decoding, 2) BERT-based NER models are sensitive to domain shifts, and 3) in-language BERT and lexicalnormalization are the most beneficial on the least canonical data. Our results also show that anout-of-domain setup remains challenging, while performance on news plateaus quickly. Thishighlights the importance of cross-domain evaluation of cross-lingual transfer.


Cross-Domain Sentiment Classification using Vector Embedded Domain Representations
Nicolaj Filrup Rasmussen | Kristian Nørgaard Jensen | Marco Placenti | Thai Wang
Proceedings of the First NLPL Workshop on Deep Learning for Natural Language Processing

Due to the differences between reviews in different product categories, creating a general model for cross-domain sentiment classification can be a difficult task. This paper proposes an architecture that incorporates domain knowledge into a neural sentiment classification model. In addition to providing a cross-domain model, this also provides a quantifiable representation of the domains as numeric vectors. We show that it is possible to cluster the domain vectors and provide qualitative insights into the inter-domain relations. We also a) present a new data set for sentiment classification that includes a domain parameter and preprocessed data points, and b) perform an ablation study in order to determine whether some word groups impact performance.