Ayu Purwarianti


ICON: Building a Large-Scale Benchmark Constituency Treebank for the Indonesian Language
Ee Suan Lim | Wei Qi Leong | Ngan Thanh Nguyen | Dea Adhista | Wei Ming Kng | William Chandra Tjh | Ayu Purwarianti
Proceedings of the 21st International Workshop on Treebanks and Linguistic Theories (TLT, GURT/SyntaxFest 2023)

Constituency parsing is an important task of informing how words are combined to form sentences. While constituency parsing in English has seen significant progress in the last few years, tools for constituency parsing in Indonesian remain few and far between. In this work, we publish ICON (Indonesian CONstituency treebank), the hitherto largest publicly-available manually-annotated benchmark constituency treebank for the Indonesian language with a size of 10,000 sentences and approximately 124,000 constituents and 182,000 tokens, which can support the training of state-of-the-art transformer-based models. We establish strong baselines on the ICON dataset using the Berkeley Neural Parser with transformer-based pre-trained embeddings, with the best performance of 88.85% F1 score coming from our own version of SpanBERT (IndoSpanBERT). We further analyze the predictions made by our best-performing model to reveal certain idiosyncrasies in the Indonesian language that pose challenges for constituency parsing.


IndoRobusta: Towards Robustness Against Diverse Code-Mixed Indonesian Local Languages
Muhammad Farid Adilazuarda | Samuel Cahyawijaya | Genta Indra Winata | Pascale Fung | Ayu Purwarianti
Proceedings of the First Workshop on Scaling Up Multilingual Evaluation


IndoNLG: Benchmark and Resources for Evaluating Indonesian Natural Language Generation
Samuel Cahyawijaya | Genta Indra Winata | Bryan Wilie | Karissa Vincentio | Xiaohong Li | Adhiguna Kuncoro | Sebastian Ruder | Zhi Yuan Lim | Syafri Bahar | Masayu Khodra | Ayu Purwarianti | Pascale Fung
Proceedings of the 2021 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing

Natural language generation (NLG) benchmarks provide an important avenue to measure progress and develop better NLG systems. Unfortunately, the lack of publicly available NLG benchmarks for low-resource languages poses a challenging barrier for building NLG systems that work well for languages with limited amounts of data. Here we introduce IndoNLG, the first benchmark to measure natural language generation (NLG) progress in three low-resource—yet widely spoken—languages of Indonesia: Indonesian, Javanese, and Sundanese. Altogether, these languages are spoken by more than 100 million native speakers, and hence constitute an important use case of NLG systems today. Concretely, IndoNLG covers six tasks: summarization, question answering, chit-chat, and three different pairs of machine translation (MT) tasks. We collate a clean pretraining corpus of Indonesian, Sundanese, and Javanese datasets, Indo4B-Plus, which is used to pretrain our models: IndoBART and IndoGPT. We show that IndoBART and IndoGPT achieve competitive performance on all tasks—despite using only one-fifth the parameters of a larger multilingual model, mBART-large (Liu et al., 2020). This finding emphasizes the importance of pretraining on closely related, localized languages to achieve more efficient learning and faster inference at very low-resource languages like Javanese and Sundanese.


IndoNLU: Benchmark and Resources for Evaluating Indonesian Natural Language Understanding
Bryan Wilie | Karissa Vincentio | Genta Indra Winata | Samuel Cahyawijaya | Xiaohong Li | Zhi Yuan Lim | Sidik Soleman | Rahmad Mahendra | Pascale Fung | Syafri Bahar | Ayu Purwarianti
Proceedings of the 1st Conference of the Asia-Pacific Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics and the 10th International Joint Conference on Natural Language Processing

Although Indonesian is known to be the fourth most frequently used language over the internet, the research progress on this language in natural language processing (NLP) is slow-moving due to a lack of available resources. In response, we introduce the first-ever vast resource for training, evaluation, and benchmarking on Indonesian natural language understanding (IndoNLU) tasks. IndoNLU includes twelve tasks, ranging from single sentence classification to pair-sentences sequence labeling with different levels of complexity. The datasets for the tasks lie in different domains and styles to ensure task diversity. We also provide a set of Indonesian pre-trained models (IndoBERT) trained from a large and clean Indonesian dataset (Indo4B) collected from publicly available sources such as social media texts, blogs, news, and websites. We release baseline models for all twelve tasks, as well as the framework for benchmark evaluation, thus enabling everyone to benchmark their system performances.


Ensemble Technique Utilization for Indonesian Dependency Parser
Arief Rahman | Ayu Purwarianti
Proceedings of the 31st Pacific Asia Conference on Language, Information and Computation

Rule-based Reordering and Post-Processing for Indonesian-Korean Statistical Machine Translation
Candy Olivia Mawalim | Dessi Puji Lestari | Ayu Purwarianti
Proceedings of the 31st Pacific Asia Conference on Language, Information and Computation


Study and Implementation of Monolingual Approach on Indonesian Question Answering for Factoid and Non-Factoid Question
Alvin Andhika Zulen | Ayu Purwarianti
Proceedings of the 25th Pacific Asia Conference on Language, Information and Computation


Expanding Indonesian-Japanese Small Translation Dictionary Using a Pivot Language
Masatoshi Tsuchiya | Ayu Purwarianti | Toshiyuki Wakita | Seiichi Nakagawa
Proceedings of the 45th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics Companion Volume Proceedings of the Demo and Poster Sessions


pdf bib
Indonesian-Japanese CLIR Using Only Limited Resource
Ayu Purwarianti | Masatoshi Tsuchiya | Seiichi Nakagawa
Proceedings of the Workshop on How Can Computational Linguistics Improve Information Retrieval?