DropMix: A Textual Data Augmentation Combining Dropout with Mixup

Fanshuang Kong, Richong Zhang, Xiaohui Guo, Samuel Mensah, Yongyi Mao


Abstract
Overfitting is a notorious problem when there is insufficient data to train deep neural networks in machine learning tasks. Data augmentation regularization methods such as Dropout, Mixup, and their enhanced variants are effective and prevalent, and achieve promising performance to overcome overfitting. However, in text learning, most of the existing regularization approaches merely adopt ideas from computer vision without considering the importance of dimensionality in natural language processing. In this paper, we argue that the property is essential to overcome overfitting in text learning. Accordingly, we present a saliency map informed textual data augmentation and regularization framework, which combines Dropout and Mixup, namely DropMix, to mitigate the overfitting problem in text learning. In addition, we design a procedure that drops and patches fine grained shapes of the saliency map under the DropMix framework to enhance regularization. Empirical studies confirm the effectiveness of the proposed approach on 12 text classification tasks.
Anthology ID:
2022.emnlp-main.57
Volume:
Proceedings of the 2022 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing
Month:
December
Year:
2022
Address:
Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
Venue:
EMNLP
SIG:
Publisher:
Association for Computational Linguistics
Note:
Pages:
890–899
Language:
URL:
https://aclanthology.org/2022.emnlp-main.57
DOI:
Bibkey:
Cite (ACL):
Fanshuang Kong, Richong Zhang, Xiaohui Guo, Samuel Mensah, and Yongyi Mao. 2022. DropMix: A Textual Data Augmentation Combining Dropout with Mixup. In Proceedings of the 2022 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing, pages 890–899, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. Association for Computational Linguistics.
Cite (Informal):
DropMix: A Textual Data Augmentation Combining Dropout with Mixup (Kong et al., EMNLP 2022)
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PDF:
https://preview.aclanthology.org/emnlp-22-ingestion/2022.emnlp-main.57.pdf