Generative Language Models for Paragraph-Level Question Generation

Asahi Ushio, Fernando Alva-Manchego, Jose Camacho-Collados


Abstract
Powerful generative models have led to recent progress in question generation (QG). However, it is difficult to measure advances in QG research since there are no standardized resources that allow a uniform comparison among approaches. In this paper, we introduce QG-Bench, a multilingual and multidomain benchmark for QG that unifies existing question answering datasets by converting them to a standard QG setting. It includes general-purpose datasets such as SQuAD for English, datasets from ten domains and two styles, as well as datasets in eight different languages. Using QG-Bench as a reference, we perform an extensive analysis of the capabilities of language models for the task. First, we propose robust QG baselines based on fine-tuning generative language models. Then, we complement automatic evaluation based on standard metrics with an extensive manual evaluation, which in turn sheds light on the difficulty of evaluating QG models. Finally, we analyse both the domain adaptability of these models as well as the effectiveness of multilingual models in languages other than English.QG-Bench is released along with the fine-tuned models presented in the paper (https://github.com/asahi417/lm-question-generation), which are also available as a demo (https://autoqg.net/).
Anthology ID:
2022.emnlp-main.42
Volume:
Proceedings of the 2022 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing
Month:
December
Year:
2022
Address:
Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
Venue:
EMNLP
SIG:
Publisher:
Association for Computational Linguistics
Note:
Pages:
670–688
Language:
URL:
https://aclanthology.org/2022.emnlp-main.42
DOI:
Bibkey:
Cite (ACL):
Asahi Ushio, Fernando Alva-Manchego, and Jose Camacho-Collados. 2022. Generative Language Models for Paragraph-Level Question Generation. In Proceedings of the 2022 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing, pages 670–688, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. Association for Computational Linguistics.
Cite (Informal):
Generative Language Models for Paragraph-Level Question Generation (Ushio et al., EMNLP 2022)
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PDF:
https://preview.aclanthology.org/emnlp-22-ingestion/2022.emnlp-main.42.pdf