D4: a Chinese Dialogue Dataset for Depression-Diagnosis-Oriented Chat

Binwei Yao, Chao Shi, Likai Zou, Lingfeng Dai, Mengyue Wu, Lu Chen, Zhen Wang, Kai Yu


Abstract
In a depression-diagnosis-directed clinical session, doctors initiate a conversation with ample emotional support that guides the patients to expose their symptoms based on clinical diagnosis criteria. Such a dialogue system is distinguished from existing single-purpose human-machine dialog systems, as it combines task-oriented and chit-chats with uniqueness in dialogue topics and procedures. However, due to the social stigma associated with mental illness, the dialogue data related to depression consultation and diagnosis are rarely disclosed. Based on clinical depression diagnostic criteria ICD-11 and DSM-5, we designed a 3-phase procedure to construct D4: a Chinese Dialogue Dataset for Depression-Diagnosis-Oriented Chat, which simulates the dialogue between doctors and patients during the diagnosis of depression, including diagnosis results and symptom summary given by professional psychiatrists for each conversation. Upon the newly-constructed dataset, four tasks mirroring the depression diagnosis process are established: response generation, topic prediction, dialog summary, and severity classification of depressive episode and suicide risk. Multi-scale evaluation results demonstrate that a more empathy-driven and diagnostic-accurate consultation dialogue system trained on our dataset can be achieved compared to rule-based bots.
Anthology ID:
2022.emnlp-main.156
Volume:
Proceedings of the 2022 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing
Month:
December
Year:
2022
Address:
Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
Venue:
EMNLP
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Publisher:
Association for Computational Linguistics
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Pages:
2438–2459
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URL:
https://aclanthology.org/2022.emnlp-main.156
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Cite (ACL):
Binwei Yao, Chao Shi, Likai Zou, Lingfeng Dai, Mengyue Wu, Lu Chen, Zhen Wang, and Kai Yu. 2022. D4: a Chinese Dialogue Dataset for Depression-Diagnosis-Oriented Chat. In Proceedings of the 2022 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing, pages 2438–2459, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. Association for Computational Linguistics.
Cite (Informal):
D4: a Chinese Dialogue Dataset for Depression-Diagnosis-Oriented Chat (Yao et al., EMNLP 2022)
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https://preview.aclanthology.org/emnlp-22-ingestion/2022.emnlp-main.156.pdf