Xianghua Fu

Also published as: XiangHua Fu


Multimodal Neural Machine Translation with Search Engine Based Image Retrieval
ZhenHao Tang | XiaoBing Zhang | Zi Long | XiangHua Fu
Proceedings of the 9th Workshop on Asian Translation

Recently, numbers of works shows that the performance of neural machine translation (NMT) can be improved to a certain extent with using visual information. However, most of these conclusions are drawn from the analysis of experimental results based on a limited set of bilingual sentence-image pairs, such as Multi30K.In these kinds of datasets, the content of one bilingual parallel sentence pair must be well represented by a manually annotated image,which is different with the actual translation situation. we propose an open-vocabulary image retrieval methods to collect descriptive images for bilingual parallel corpus using image search engine, and we propose text-aware attentive visual encoder to filter incorrectly collected noise images. Experiment results on Multi30K and other two translation datasets show that our proposed method achieves significant improvements over strong baselines.

Sentiment Interpretable Logic Tensor Network for Aspect-Term Sentiment Analysis
Bowen Zhang | Xu Huang | Zhichao Huang | Hu Huang | Baoquan Zhang | Xianghua Fu | Liwen Jing
Proceedings of the 29th International Conference on Computational Linguistics

Aspect-term sentiment analysis (ATSA) is an important task that aims to infer the sentiment towards the given aspect-terms. It is often required in the industry that ATSA should be performed with interpretability, computational efficiency and high accuracy. However, such an ATSA method has not yet been developed. This study aims to develop an ATSA method that fulfills all these requirements. To achieve the goal, we propose a novel Sentiment Interpretable Logic Tensor Network (SILTN). SILTN is interpretable because it is a neurosymbolic formalism and a computational model that supports learning and reasoning about data with a differentiable first-order logic language (FOL). To realize SILTN with high inferring accuracy, we propose a novel learning strategy called the two-stage syntax knowledge distillation (TSynKD). Using widely used datasets, we experimentally demonstrate that the proposed TSynKD is effective for improving the accuracy of SILTN, and the SILTN has both high interpretability and computational efficiency.

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Heterogeneous-Graph Reasoning and Fine-Grained Aggregation for Fact Checking
Hongbin Lin | Xianghua Fu
Proceedings of the Fifth Fact Extraction and VERification Workshop (FEVER)

Fact checking is a challenging task that requires corresponding evidences to verify the property of a claim based on reasoning. Previous studies generally i) construct the graph by treating each evidence-claim pair as node which is a simple way that ignores to exploit their implicit interaction, or building a fully-connected graph among claim and evidences where the entailment relationship between claim and evidence would be considered equal to the semantic relationship among evidences; ii) aggregate evidences equally without considering their different stances towards the verification of fact. Towards the above issues, we propose a novel heterogeneous-graph reasoning and fine-grained aggregation model, with two following modules: 1) a heterogeneous graph attention network module to distinguish different types of relationships within the constructed graph; 2) fine-grained aggregation module which learns the implicit stance of evidences towards the prediction result in details. Extensive experiments on the benchmark dataset demonstrate that our proposed model achieves much better performance than state-of-the-art methods.