Claudio Aracena


Development of pre-trained language models for clinical NLP in Spanish
Claudio Aracena | Jocelyn Dunstan
Proceedings of the 17th Conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Student Research Workshop

Clinical natural language processing aims to tackle language and prediction tasks using text from medical practice, such as clinical notes, prescriptions, and discharge summaries. Several approaches have been tried to deal with these tasks. Since 2017, pre-trained language models (PLMs) have achieved state-of-the-art performance in many tasks. However, most works have been developed in English. This PhD research proposal addresses the development of PLMs for clinical NLP in Spanish. To carry out this study, we will build a clinical corpus big enough to implement a functional PLM. We will test several PLM architectures and evaluate them with language and prediction tasks. The novelty of this work lies in the use of only clinical text, while previous clinical PLMs have used a mix of general, biomedical, and clinical text.


A Knowledge-Graph-Based Intrinsic Test for Benchmarking Medical Concept Embeddings and Pretrained Language Models
Claudio Aracena | Fabián Villena | Matias Rojas | Jocelyn Dunstan
Proceedings of the 13th International Workshop on Health Text Mining and Information Analysis (LOUHI)

Using language models created from large data sources has improved the performance of several deep learning-based architectures, obtaining state-of-the-art results in several NLP extrinsic tasks. However, little research is related to creating intrinsic tests that allow us to compare the quality of different language models when obtaining contextualized embeddings. This gap increases even more when working on specific domains in languages other than English. This paper proposes a novel graph-based intrinsic test that allows us to measure the quality of different language models in clinical and biomedical domains in Spanish. Our results show that our intrinsic test performs better for clinical and biomedical language models than a general one. Also, it correlates with better outcomes for a NER task using a probing model over contextualized embeddings. We hope our work will help the clinical NLP research community to evaluate and compare new language models in other languages and find the most suitable models for solving downstream tasks.