Using Linguistic Typology to Enrich Multilingual Lexicons: the Case of Lexical Gaps in Kinship

Temuulen Khishigsuren, Gábor Bella, Khuyagbaatar Batsuren, Abed Alhakim Freihat, Nandu Chandran Nair, Amarsanaa Ganbold, Hadi Khalilia, Yamini Chandrashekar, Fausto Giunchiglia


Abstract
This paper describes a method to enrich lexical resources with content relating to linguistic diversity, based on knowledge from the field of lexical typology. We capture the phenomenon of diversity through the notion of lexical gap and use a systematic method to infer gaps semi-automatically on a large scale, which we demonstrate on the kinship domain. The resulting free diversity-aware terminological resource consists of 198 concepts, 1,911 words, and 37,370 gaps in 699 languages. We see great potential in the use of resources such as ours for the improvement of a variety of cross-lingual NLP tasks, which we illustrate through an application in the evaluation of machine translation systems.
Anthology ID:
2022.lrec-1.299
Volume:
Proceedings of the Thirteenth Language Resources and Evaluation Conference
Month:
June
Year:
2022
Address:
Marseille, France
Venue:
LREC
SIG:
Publisher:
European Language Resources Association
Note:
Pages:
2798–2807
Language:
URL:
https://aclanthology.org/2022.lrec-1.299
DOI:
Bibkey:
Cite (ACL):
Temuulen Khishigsuren, Gábor Bella, Khuyagbaatar Batsuren, Abed Alhakim Freihat, Nandu Chandran Nair, Amarsanaa Ganbold, Hadi Khalilia, Yamini Chandrashekar, and Fausto Giunchiglia. 2022. Using Linguistic Typology to Enrich Multilingual Lexicons: the Case of Lexical Gaps in Kinship. In Proceedings of the Thirteenth Language Resources and Evaluation Conference, pages 2798–2807, Marseille, France. European Language Resources Association.
Cite (Informal):
Using Linguistic Typology to Enrich Multilingual Lexicons: the Case of Lexical Gaps in Kinship (Khishigsuren et al., LREC 2022)
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PDF:
https://preview.aclanthology.org/author-url/2022.lrec-1.299.pdf
Code
 kbatsuren/kindiv